Naming Compounds and Molecules

 

Naming compounds falls into two basic systems for inorganic compounds based upon the type of bonding that occurs. Another system is used to describe organic compounds, but won't be used here.

 

You can quickly name a substance from its molecular formula using the following flowchart.

 naming flowchart.jpg

 

 

Make sure you know the prefixes 1 through 10 involved in naming molecules.

  

Number of Atoms

Prefix

 

Number of Atoms

Prefix

1

Mono

 

 

6

Hex

2

Di

 

7

Hept

3

Tri

 

 

8

Oct

4

Tetra

 

9

Nona

5

Penta

 

 

 

10

dec

 

 

 

Practice matching the names of compounds with their formula here.

 

 

learning activity Match the chemical formula with the name of the compound.

Drag the items from the bottom to the slots on the right.
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